Mid-City, so named due to its location midway between the Mississippi River and Lake Pontchartrain, is a large, diverse neighborhood bounded by Orleans Avenue, City Park Avenue, the Pontchartrain Expressway and Broad Street. The principal streets in the neighborhood include Canal Street, Jefferson Davis Parkway, Broad Street, Tulane Avenue and Carrollton Avenue. Key secondary streets are Bienville Street, and Banks Street.
Mid-City has a comfortable balance of various land uses, with a mixture of restaurants, shops, schools, churches, professional offices, and light industrial. In the years between the 2000 census and Hurricane Katrina, Mid-City was experiencing a revival of single family and owner-occupied homes. This was due in part to its easy accessibility and close proximity to key business areas of the city, charming architecture and mature vegetation.
Although not directly within the official boundaries of the neighborhood, Mid-City is also partially defined by large recreation and tourist attractions that surround and enhance the neighborhood:
- City Park & the New Orleans Museum of Art
- The Fairgrounds
- Greenwood, Cypress Grove & Odd Fellows Rest Cemeteries
- Bayou St. John
The restoration of the Canal Streetcar line in 2004, with its signature red cars, further improved the tourism aspects of the neighborhood.
Additionally, Delgado Community College and Xavier University are both adjacent to the neighborhood.
The Mid-City neighborhood is home to one of the largest historic districts of the City, as designated by the National Register of Historic Districts, although the neighborhood does not enjoy the more regulated local historic district status.
Census 2000 Demographic Profile
According to Census 2000 data, the population of Mid-City was nearly 20,000* residing in 5,830 households. Approximately 1627 (27.9%) of these households were owner-occupied, with the remainder occupied by renters.
In terms of racial makeup, the neighborhood generally mirrored that of the City as a whole with almost two-thirds of the population African American and one-third White. The key distinction in relation to ethnicity is the fact that 10% of the population was of Hispanic origin as compared to 3% for the City as a whole.
The majority of residents (64%) were age 18 49 years old, compared to 48% for the city as a whole.
Average household income was $31,442. One third of Mid-City residents were living in poverty.
Post Katrina Demographics
Mid-City suffered flooding due the levee breaks following Hurricane Katrina. Flooding ranged from inches to up to 8 feet in areas. The neighborhood has undertaken various efforts to ascertain the rate of re-population. The data herein is current as of March, 2010:
Mid-City is one of the fastest repopulating flooded neighborhoods. Mail delivery data in January 2010 for the entire 70119 zip code, which includes Mid-City, showed approximately 80% repopulation. The highest concentration of populations are along the major corridors of Canal Street (from City Park Avenue to Jefferson Davis Parkway) and along Carrollton Avenue (from Banks Street to Orleans Avenue) and radiate out from there.
Businesses are also steadily rebounding. As of March 2007, There are more than 250 open businesses in Mid-City, compared to approximately 575 businesses just prior to the storm. Again, open businesses are concentrated in the corridors described above.
Sources of Data:
- Greater New Orleans Community Data Center
- Mid-City Neighborhood Planning District 4 Rebuilding Plan by Lambert & Associates (PDF)
- Neighborhood surveys
*Reflects that 6,078 of the residents cited in the census population of 19,909 were actually inmates of the Orleans Parish Prison (located at the intersection of Tulane Avenue and Broad Street)
Interesting Facts About Mid-City
New Orleans’ most famous ambassador, Louis Armstrong, was born in Mid-City, near the police station on S. Broad.
Mid-City used to be known as the “Back of Town.”